Automotive road traffic makes up a substantial part of environmental impacts. Efficient road traffic is only possible with an integrated approach decreasing the number of used cars for the distance capacity, while at the same time the car occupancy rate increases significantly. Car sharing already demonstrates a reduction of environmental impacts by increasing vehicle use. A disadvantage remains in the still low occupancy rate of the vehicles. Ride sharing can countervail this effect. A PSS combining vehicles with both services car and ride sharing is developed using a simulation model. Possibilities and limitations of the approach and transport optimization are demonstrated.
Car and Ride Sharing Concept as a Product Service System–Simulation as a Tool to Reduce Environmental Impacts
by K. Kuntzky; S. Wittke; C. HerrmannJan 1, 2012